In Latin, wine is known as vinum. Produced from grapes, wine is one of the most ubiquitously coveted beverages on the planet—with strong historical roots; it has always been one of the cornerstones of civilization. Wine has always served crucial roles in the context of religion. Red wine, specifically, has always been a symbol for blood among the ancient Egyptians as well as the Greek backdrops of Dionysus—a sacred symbol for the Eucharist in the Catholic and Christian Faith. Being an alcoholic beverage, the historical narrative of wine has mostly been surrounded by its intoxicating allure.

The most primitive evidence of wine can be traced back to China during 7000 BC, Georgia in 6000 BC, Iran in 5000 BC, and Sicily in 4000 BC. Archeologists found that grapes were initially fermented and mixed with rice to produce wine during ancient civilizations—the rice wine of the oriental regions. Wine drinking as a culture dates back to the Phoenicians and the surrounding states of the Mediterranean Sea. Ancient Romans were known to plant and cultivate vineyards around their towns, specifically for the large scale production of wine to be consumed locally, as well as to be distributed and exported to foreign places.

When it comes to wine production, the basic principles start with grape sugar being consumed by the yeast, and then converted into carbon dioxide and ethanol. The variations in the different styles of wine mainly depend on the yeast strains and types of grapes that were utilized to attain specific results. The biochemical reactions of the fermentation process give wine the grape development that is crucial to the production process. Needless to say, geographical conditions play a big role in the output and overall quality of wines from varying regions. Wines are not strictly limited to grapes, other sources include: rice, cherry, plum, mixtures of different fruits, pomegranate, elderberry, etc.

The most popular wine regions in the world are Argentina, Australia, Chile, and Spain. These nations are some of the epicenters in major wine production as well as top tier, world-class quality products. There are many factors that come into assessing, and more importantly, enjoying the fineness of wine: the acidity or tartness, the tannin, the bitterness, and the burning sensations from its alcohol levels.

Wine is a popular beverage, but it is also very much renowned for its use in the kitchen. Wine has been a staple ingredient in the enhancement of many dishes—everything from simple stews to the most complex and sophisticated dishes in haute cuisine. Wine is a very well utilized flavor agent with versatility in terms of savouriness as well as sweetness. In short, wine sauces have even become culinary delicacies.

When it comes to serving wine as a drink, glassware, temperature, and preservation are absolutely essential to fully appreciate all that a bottle of wine has to offer. It’s important to use the appropriate wine glasses. All wine should be stored with similar temperature levels; and it must be of utmost care that wine should not come in contact with air, because this begins the deterioration process, as well as spoil the wine.

When it comes to Red Wine, the manufacturing process is essentially based on a seeping of color and flavor from grape skin—specifically the darker types of grapes. The actual red color of a wine can be traced coming from ‘anthocyanins’ or ‘anthocyan pigments.’ The red flesh produces a red juice. White Wine, on the other hand, is either a straw type yellow (or blends between green, gold, and yellow). The production of white wine is based on the fermentation process of non-colored grapes. Some of the most common and renowned white wines include: Sauvignon, Riesling, Chardonnay, etc. Darker colored grapes can also be used in the production of white wines—the intricacies of this approach are commonly used when making drinks like champagne.

White wines are usually dry or not-sweet; this is due to the fermentation process of the wort. After then, all the sugars are turned into alcohol. Not allowing carbon dioxide to escape during the fermentation process is the method that produced sparkling wines.

Rose Wines are a type of wine that uses some of the seeped color of grape skins, but not sufficient to have the same rich color and distinct flavors of red wine. Rose wines are more rose-colored, sometimes faded orange to even close-to-purple.

Fruit Wine is a type of wine that isn’t necessarily produced with strictly grapes, but rather mixtures of other fruits. There are countless deviations from this branch of wine, such as elderberry wine, apple wine, etc. Fruit wines are known to have a somewhat low acidity level and naturally lack fermentable sugars. The main reason why fruit wines aren’t as strongly established as primary wines is due to the regional discrepancies in terms of fruit planting capacity.

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